Energy play very important role for the progress of a nation and it has to be conserved in a most efficient manner. Energy should be produced in a most environment-friendly way from all varieties of fuels as well as should be conserved efficiently. The use of Renewable Energy technology has been steadily increasing so as to meet demand. However, there are some drawbacks associated with renewable energy systems such as poor reliability and lean nature. Over 200 million people, live in rural areas far away from the grid. The installation and distribution costs are considerably higher for remote areas. Due to increase in demand of electric power we have need for the growth of non-conventional methods for generation of electric power.
As materials used for these methods are easy available, cost of electricity will be lesser. Several different sources of energy are being thought of, including the nuclear, geothermal, wind, tidal, solar, biomass and the biogas based. Presently, standalone solar PV systems, biomass and biogas systems have been promoted around the globe on a relatively larger scale. But they are facing a lot of problems during their operation. Like, in solar plants, solar panels are too costly, energy only produced during daytime and in sunny weather. Similarly, biomass plants may save on carbon dioxide emissions, but it increases methane gases, High ash content, and heat release into environment and in biogas plants some pollutants are produced. So to get optimal generation conditions, we could use the combined operation of the biogas, biomass and solar power plant
A combination of different cooperating energy systems (which are complementary in nature) based on renewable energies, working with some back up sources, is known as a Combined (Hybrid) power system. Solar energy can be considered as uncontrolled source. The sources are uncontrolled because their availability is totally dependent on the climate condition. Controlled sources are the sources, whose power production can be controlled. Biomass, biogas etc can be considered as controlled source of energy. It is perfect for electrification of remote villages in India. The new form of power generation is usually a type which is able to modulate power out function of demand. India is prepared to offer reliable off-grid and hybrid solutions energy needs for small area especially rural areas where powering critical loads are often a analysis. However if more than one form of energy is to be used which can be solar/biogas/biomass, the photovoltaic power generation serves to decrease the consumption of non-renewable fuel
In the first step we will collect the data regarding location of area, the total land area, area under crops, crop production, energy consumption, agri-residue output, raw material available, average radiation per square meter, sunshine hours per year etc and second step calculate load of the selected village. The next step will be proper selection of equipments (Engines, generators, turbines, boilers, types of engines, effect of temperature, digester design, height of digester, batteries, inverter, PV collectors, cables etc.